The fundamental design approach to fire detection, alarm, and notification is similar to designing a fire suppression system. The design of fire alarm systems is based upon pairing the fire hazards (heat, smoke, flames, etc.) with the appropriate detection measures.
Keys of Fire and Life Safety
During any emergency evacuation of a building, the earlier fire (heat or smoke) detection occurs, the sooner alarms can be transmitted to both the occupants and local fire service. Fire alarm systems, along with appropriately design exiting, and evacuation protocols, can be the most important feature in a building for occupant’s life safety. The occupancy of a building, including the number of people and type of activities done in the building drive many of the particulars in drives many particulars in the design of a fire alarm system.
Fire alarm monitors and controls
Quick heat, smoke, or other indicators of fire
Historical records of fire events
Key source of timed sequence of events
The Fire Alarm System is the brain of fire and life safety systems of a building. It is designed to monitor, and at times, control some of fire and life safety systems. It is the source of information of emergency responders to pinpoint areas of first concern.